Gastric Bypass Surgery
Gastric Bypass Surgery and Gastric Sleeve Surgery are very similar procedures, but there are a few differences. The gastric bypass surgery requires that the surgeon use staples to divide your stomach into two sections. The top portion is called the “pouch.” This will be where your food will go after you swallow it. Since the pouch will only be the size of a walnut, your stomach will only be able to hold one ounce of food. With such a small stomach, you will not be able to eat very much after this surgery is done.
The surgery has another component. It is also a bypass surgery, so after your surgeon staples your stomach, he or she will connect a portion of your small intestine to your pouch so that the food you eat bypasses the rest of your stomach. Instead, your food will go directly to your small intestine, and your organs will not be able to absorb as many calories as they ordinarily would.
One side effect of this surgery is “dumping syndrome.” Dumping syndrome is when the food you have eaten moves into your intestines too quickly, and it can cause cramping and diarrhea. One thing to be concerned about is the fact that your body will not be able to absorb as many nutrients after the bypass surgery because the food is skipping a portion of your intestines. The main bonus is that you will naturally reduce the amount of food you eat just because your stomach is much smaller.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Your surgeon can perform gastric sleeve surgery by making a large incision in your abdomen, or he or she can make smaller incisions and use a camera to perform the surgery. Your stomach will be much smaller and will resemble a banana. The thing that you will want to remember about this surgery is the fact that your surgeon will be removing a large portion of your stomach. Therefore, this surgery cannot be reversed.
It is similar to gastric bypass surgery because it makes it possible for you to eat less, so you will lose weight. Also like gastric bypass surgery, it causes dumping syndrome. Furthermore, after the surgery, your incision may be tender. It’s also a possibility that you will experience abdominal pain in the weeks after your surgery.
As was mentioned above, these procedures have many similarities. After the surgeries, you will need to spend two or three days in the hospital, and you will not be able to return to work for at least two weeks. You should recover fully from both surgeries within four to six weeks.
It is possible to regain the weight that you lose, but there are options for revision with both surgeries. The gastric sleeve surgery may be converted into a Lap-Band or gastric bypass surgery. The choice will be up to you and your doctor. The gastric bypass surgery can also be converted to Lap-Band, or it can be converted to the duodenal switch. This is the likely option for someone who starts out with a BMI over 50 before having the surgery.