There are four types of surgeries that people consider when they want to lose weight, including the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Gastric bypass surgery is both a restrictive and a malabsorptive procedure. It’s restrictive because it restricts how much food your stomach can hold once completed. It’s malabsorptive because it affects how your bloodstream absorbs food and calories. Among all the weight-loss surgeries, a gastric bypass has the highest success rate and the lowest rate of complications. Here’s what else you should know about gastric bypass surgery before calling your doctor.
What Happens During Gastric Bypass Surgery
The most common gastric bypass surgery is the Roux-en-Y. Doctors perform this procedure laparoscopically – also known as a keyhole surgery – or through a large incision. During the surgery, the surgeon will create a new and smaller stomach pouch by stapling along the upper part of your original one. He or she will also create a new opening in the smaller pouch, as well. Next, the surgeon will cut your small intestine in two, attaching the lower section to the stomach pouch to create what’s known as the ‘roux limb.’ Then, the surgeon will attach the upper section to the distal end of the roux limb. The roux limb allows food to bypass the lower stomach, duodenum and a part of the small intestine.
As medical research and technology have improved, so have the techniques and instruments involved in a gastric bypass surgery. Here are some of the advantages of opting for this weight-loss solution.
Stat: Many patients maintain a 60-70% total weight loss 10 years after their surgeries.
- Fast and noticeable weight loss
- Continued weight loss for 18 to 24 months after surgery
- Improves health problems stemming from severe obesity
- Improves mobility, mental health and quality of life
The Disadvantages of Gastric Bypass Surgery
While advancements in gastric bypass surgery have nearly eliminated all risks and complications, there are some disadvantages to keep in mind as with most surgeries.
- There are still some potential risks involved, including allergic reactions to medications, blood loss requiring transfusion and complications from anesthesia. That’s why it’s important to be open and honest with your doctor about any ongoing health issues when you visit him or her for the initial consultation.
- This procedure requires going under the knife in a hospital setting. So if you’re nosocomephobic or tomophobic, you will have to first overcome your fears before you overcome your weight.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, patients who had gastric bypass surgery lost an average of 64.8 pounds. When you consider that obesity is one of the most prevalent health problems in the U.S. today, it’s important that people take the necessary steps to ensure they avoid further health complications that stem from being overweight. Gastric bypass surgery offers a modern approach to dealing with a heavy societal problem. Contact your doctor today for more information about how this procedure can help you with weight loss.